Type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the pancreas in the body no longer can produce insulin. Insulin is the hormone that makes it possible for us to utilize the energy in the carbs we eat. Without insulin, the sugar can not reach the cells, and remains in the blood. As a type 1 diabetic you therefore are dependant on regularly supplying your body with artificial insulin, through insulin shots or an insulin pump. If you forget your insulin, get the dosage wrong or over dose it can have leathal consequenses. Currently, there is no cure for type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes – Insulin is a hormone needed for the cell to take up sugar from the blood. In a type 2 diabetic’s body the insulin production is not enough, which causes the sugar level in the blood to go too high. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often progresses slowly and can consist of you feeling tired, very thirsty and having an increased need of peeing. Exercising and a good diet can help to lower your bloodsugar value, but you might as well need medication. (source: 1177)